1. Target somewhere with no buffer zone
Stonehenge doesn’t have one, despite UNESCO wanting all World Heritage Sites to have one. Somehow, and no prizes for guessing why, Britain hasn’t got round to it. But you know that – how else could there be current plans to drive a mile of new dual carriageway across the Stonehenge landscape?

2. Make sure any buffer zones are soft words not hard lines
There’s plenty of airy-fairy talky-talky buffer zones but what are needed are crystallised, defendable lines on a map. 10 years ago English Heritage Commissioners talked about defining buffer zones. Anyone heard what they decided? Thought not! For a perfect example of how useful airy-fairy talky-talky buffer zones are to developers see Oswestry Hillfort where until recently there was talk of executive houses right up to the monument.

3. Make sure, if all else fails, that your protected zone is “flexible”
Back in 2013 there was an early sign of this. The Government advised local authorities that the progress of wind farm developments should not be blocked by “inflexible rules on buffer zones“. In other words, any pre-existing protection was to be infinitely elastic or non-existent. Now, infinite elasticity is being applied to the standards, rules and promises implicit in the Stonehenge’s Landscape’s iconic and World Heritage status.